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Surface Coal Mining

  • Surface Coal Mining Activities under Clean Water Act .

    July 21, 2011 Final Memorandum: Improving EPA Review of Appalachian Surface Coal Mining Operations Under the Clean Water Act, National Environmental Policy .

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  • Mining | Britannica

    Mining, process of extracting useful minerals from the surface of the Earth, including the seas. A mineral, with a few exceptions, is an inorganic substance occurring in nature that has a definite chemical composition and distinctive physical properties or molecular structure.

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  • Surface Coal Mining Impacts | Kentucky Waterways Alliance

    The practice of surface mining coal in the state of Kentucky is devastating to our health, environment, and ultimately our quality of life. Surface coal mining sucks money out of our state while destroying our mountains and polluting our water.

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  • Colliery: How Coal Mining Works? - scienceabc

    Coal mining (also called colliery) is the process of extracting coal from the ground's surface or from deep underground. Coal miners literally raze entire mountain .

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  • Office of Surface Mining - Official Site

    The U.S. Government's Official Website for the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE). OSMRE's business practices are to reclaim abandoned mine lands (Title IV), regulate active coal mines (Title V), and apply sound science through technology transfer.

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  • Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia | US EPA

    Surface coal mining methods in the steep terrain of the central Appalachian coalfields include mountaintop removal, contour, area and highwall mining. Coal mining operations are found in Kentucky, West ia, ia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Alabama and Tennessee.

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  • Coal and the Environment - Energy Explained, Your Guide To .

    Coal is an abundant fuel source that is relatively inexpensive to produce and convert to useful energy. However, producing and using coal affects the environment. Effects of coal mining. Surface mines (sometimes called strip mines) were the source of about 65% of the coal mined

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  • Surface Mining Permit - TN.gov

    A standard form is supplied by the Mining Section for preparation of the notice. A copy of the notice clipped from the newspaper which shows the dateline must be submitted with the proper fee and the following items: An Application For Surface Mining Permit (Form CN-1097).

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  • Surface mining - Wikipedia

    "Strip mining" is the practice of mining a seam of mineral, by first removing a long strip of overlying soil and rock (the overburden).It is most commonly used to mine coal and lignite (brown coal).Strip mining is only practical when the ore body to be excavated is relatively near the surface.

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  • Surface Coal Mine, Illinois | Bulldog Mine | Sunrise Coal

    The coal mining facility will be value-added–increasing the prosperity of Vermilion and neighboring counties by over 70.5 million. This includes 49.4 million directly from the mining operation and 21.1 million from its impact on other industries in the region

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  • Fatality Reports | Mine Safety and Health Administration .

    MSHA investigates each mining fatality and prepares the following documents to alert the mining community and prevent similar occurrences. • Fatality Alert - describes the accident and lists best practices that might have prevented it

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  • Table 9. Major U.S. Coal Mines, 2017

    47 Decker Mine / Decker Coal Company Surface Montana 4,158,338 Subtotal 557,167,337 All Other Mines 217,442,020 U.S. Total 774,609,357 Note: Major mines are mines that produced more than 4 million short tons in 2017. Company listed indicates the firm operating the mine.

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  • Surface mining _____. is more destructive than underground .

    Surface mining permanently destroys the environment. It is a broad type of mining in which soil and rock over the mineral deposit are removed. It is a method used to mine coal near the surface .

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  • Underground v.s. Surface Coal Mines: Is Deep Drilling .

    Coal mining typically requires two methods of operations: underground and surface mining. The method is differentiated by whether the seam is relatively close to the surface area or buried deep below.

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  • EPA Review of Surface Coal Mining | Appalachian Law Center

    Apr 23, 2010 · The impact of mine discharges on water quality in Appalachia's streams is significant. The science is uncontroverted. Numerous peer-reviewed scientific studies, as well as EPA's own studies, indicate that surface mining, and valley fills in particular, have significantly degraded the water quality of Appalachia's streams.

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  • Planning Circular 2/2017: Town and country planning (fees .

    Planning circular 2/2017 providing guidance on the regulations relating to the fees for monitoring surface coal mining. Scottish Planning Policy ( SPP) is the statement of Scottish Government policy on nationally important land use planning matters. National Planning Framework ( NPF) is the Scottish .

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  • Surface Coal Mining - Pennsylvania DEP

    Surface Coal Mining. The primary methods of surface coal mining used in Pennsylvania are: Strip Mining: Layers of soil and rock overburden are removed the coal exposed coal seam is excavated.The area is then backfilled, regraded, and replanted during the reclamation process.

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  • coal mining equipment price list - YouTube

    Oct 12, 2018 · high quality mining equipment, coal mining equipment, small scale mining equipment.moreMining & Drilling Equipment for Sale Ritchie Bros. AuctioneersUsed Mining equipment, drilling equipment and .

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  • Coal mining | World Coal Association

    Surface mining is only economic when the coal seam is near the surface. This method recovers a higher proportion of the coal deposit than underground mining as all coal seams are exploited - 90% or more of the coal can be recovered.

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  • surface mining permits - south-southcooperation

    Texas RRCSurface Coal Mine County Information. surface mining permits For general information regarding mine permits, the Surface Mining and Reclamation Division has provided a reference booklet for public viewing at each county courthouse. Read More >>

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  • Reformism: The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act .

    The SMCRA grew out of a concern about the environmental effects of strip mining. Coal had been mined in the United States since the 1740s, but surface mining did not become widespread until the 1930s.

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  • Plundering Appalachia - The Tragedy of Mountaintop-Removal .

    Coal mining is far and away the largest industrial consumer of explosives in the United States. According to government figures for 2005, more than 1.8 billion pounds of high explosives were used in West ia and Kentucky alone, primarily in surface-mining operations.

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  • Maps show year-by-year effects of surface coal mining .

    Surface mining cleared 2,900 square kilometers of land in that time frame, the study shows. Combined with pre-1985 data, researchers found the "cumulative mining footprint" was 5,900 square .

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  • What is Surface Mining? (with pictures) - wisegeek

    Dec 06, 2018 · This type of surface mining, also known as hard rock mining, is typically employed to extract metal ores, like copper, gold, iron, and aluminum, and other minerals. Strip mining is a form of surface mining that is primarily used for coal excavation. The rock and dirt covering the ore is removed one strip at a time.

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  • 5 Chief Pros and Cons of Strip Mining | ConnectUS

    This kind of mining is particularly useful when the minerals are located very close to the surface as it's more feasible and much easier and quicker to remove the overburden in order to get them. Usually, strip mining is employed in mining tar sand and coal. It's a method referred to as .

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  • Appendix E: Coal Mining and Processing Methods | Coal .

    In surface mining, the ground covering the coal seam (the overburden) is first removed to expose the coal seam for extraction. The elements of a surface mining operation are (1) topsoil removal and storage for later use, (2) drilling and blasting the strata overlying the coal seam, (3) loading and .

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  • Surface Mining | Colorado Geological Survey

    The surface coal mines remove coal by shovel and dragline. The dragline removes the overburden, and the excavators, trucks, shovels, and front end loaders remove coal straight from the ground. The highwall is the excavated cliff showing the overburden and coal seams to be mined.

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  • Surface mining - Wikipedia

    Surface mining began in the mid-sixteenth century [dubious – discuss] and is practiced throughout the world, although the majority of surface coal mining occurs in North America. It gained popularity throughout the 20th century, and surface mines now produce most of the coal mined in .

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  • Surface mining _____. is more destructive than underground .

    Surface mining permanently destroys the environment. It is a broad type of mining in which soil and rock over the mineral deposit are removed. It is a method used to mine coal near the surface .

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  • Respiratory Diseases Caused by Coal Mine Dust

    Coal continues to be an important global commodity and mining it will continue to be an important activity for the foreseeable future. In the United States, coal mining in the East is characterized by more underground mining of bituminous coal and in the West by more surface mining of subbituminous coal.

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